This is the final step in the data analysis process. You are continuing to take chunks of data that share similarities and to analyze themes in several cycles to reduce codes and decide on themes across the data sets. This technique is called Constant Comparative Analysis (CCA).
|Tip: Themes should not be labeled with one word, but rather several words in a phrase in order to be as specific as possible. For example, instead of labeling one theme as “communication,” something like “Administrative communication with faculty” gives the reader a better understanding of what exactly this theme encompasses. This is also important as you create your code book, as it will turn into what codes fall under what themes. Defining codes and then themes is essential to the validity of the study.